Nesbitt Memorial Library

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1870 Census

The census was taken between June 6 and September 13, 1870 by Jacob H. Baldwin, Jr.. When the pages were numbered, they were not arranged in chronological order. What was evidently the first page Baldwin recorded was finally assigned page number 78A. There are no pages numbered 77B, 96A, or 97B. It is not clear whether there ever were such pages.

     We have listed the persons recorded in the census both in the same order in which they appear in the manuscript version of the census and in alphabetical order. When they were known, modern or correct spellings of surnames have been included in square brackets. Personal information for each group member appears in parenthesis. For nearly all persons, such information includes age, gender, color or race, and birthplace.

     There were several errors or anomalies in numbering households and pages, all of which we have reproduced. The page that is now numbered 6B seems to be out of place. Accordingly, we have inserted it in what seems to us to be its proper place, between pages 4B and 5A.

     The census taker also declared that some people who seemingly have masculine first names were females and that some people who seemingly have feminine first names were males. We have not altered these descriptions, even when we were quite sure that the census taker was wrong.

Click Here for Index to Online Images of Manuscript Census


Total

White

Black

Mulatto

 

Number of People

8326

4635

3427

264

Number of Males

4227

2408

1679

140

Number of Females

4099

2227

1748

124

Number of American Born Persons

7217

3529

3425

263

Number of American Born Males

3619

1802

1678

139

Number of American Born Females

3598

1727

1747

124

Number of Persons Born in Texas

4275

2330

1801

144

Number of Males Born in Texas

2095

1184

869

79

Number of Females Born in Texas

2180

1146

932

65

Number of Males Born in Alabama

118

56

60

2

Number of Females Born in Alabama

123

53

67

3

Number of Males Born in Arkansas

19

10

7

2

Number of Females Born in Arkansas

9

5

4

0

Number of Males Born in Florida

22

13

7

2

Number of Females Born in Florida

15

10

5

0

Number of Males Born in Georgia

149

98

49

2

Number of Females Born in Georgia

136

85

42

9

Number of Males Born in Kentucky

65

36

27

2

Number of Females Born in Kentucky

60

31

23

6

Number of Males Born in Louisiana

73

34

38

1

Number of Females Born in Louisiana

97

37

58

2

Number of Males Born in Maryland

27

8

17

2

Number of Females Born in Maryland

8

2

6

0

Number of Males Born in Mississippi

249

79

158

12

Number of Females Born in Mississippi

227

69

148

10

Number of Males Born in Missouri

16

10

6

0

Number of Females Born in Missouri

17

16

1

0

Number of Males Born in New York

19

19

0

0

Number of Females Born in New York

9

9

0

0

Number of Males Born in North Carolina

130

52

74

4

Number of Females Born in North Carolina

95

31

63

1

Number of Males Born in South Carolina

85

22

61

2

Number of Females Born in South Carolina

56

11

44

1

Number of Males Born in Tennessee

269

118

132

19

Number of Females Born in Tennessee

277

102

158

17

Number of Males Born in Virginia

256

81

166

9

Number of Females Born in Virginia

268

65

193

10

Number of Males Born in Other States

27

19

7

1

Number of Females Born in Other States

21

18

3

0

Number of Foreign Born Persons

1104

1101

2

1

Number of Foreign Born Males

603

601

1

1

Number of Foreign Born Females

501

500

1

0

Number of Germans

807

806

1

0

Number of German Males

450

449

1

0

Number of German Females

357

357

0

0

Number of Czechs

148

148

0

0

Number of Czech Males

63

63

0

0

Number of Czech Females

85

85

0

0

Number of Hispanics

2

1

0

1

Note: Five persons had unknown birthplaces.